Balay ni Tana Dicang



The Alunans-Capitana Dicang

Posted by Site Owner on August 18, 2010 at 11:50 AM

While many great haciendas was being founded in the different townsof Negros in 1850, Capitan Bartolome Alunan, married to Dona AgataLabayen, was already a prominenet haciendero of Talisay (Minuluan). This marriage bore ten children, an ordinary average of offspring today asit was then in a province so rich, it lands its own fecundiy to its women. Of these, only four were male; the rest were female. One of the males was Raymundo, father of Rafael Alunan I, one of the most distinguished sugar leaders not only of Negros but of the country as well. Among the daughters, the first born was called Enrica; the last was Segundina, mother of Alfonso Coscolluela, grandson by his paternal lineage of the brave Don Jose Coscolluela, who settled in Negros with his wife, a native of Cabatu-an, Iloilo. Alfonso Alunan Coscolluela is one of the most important financiers of Negros. A provincial treasurer for many years, he started his public career as a modest clerk with a salary of twenty pesos a month.

But let us go back to speak of the first daughter of Don Bartolome Alunan, Enrica by name. She is the mother of many sons, all of them great hacienderos and capitalists, and grandmother of many children, among them the brilliant and young financier, Placido Lizares Mapa. She married Efigenio Lizares in 1872 and upon being widowed, continuedcaring for their haciendas of Matab-ang, Minuluan and Cabi-ayan. Unti lnow, at the age of 80 and after giving birth to seventeen children, twelve of whom are living, she continues to be the unifying inspirationand supreme authority of this great family which, aside from its numerous haciendas, also manages and supervises over the great SugarCentrals of Talisy-Silay and Bacolod-Murcia and the small Central Danao.She is to sum it up, an extraordinary woman. At an age when she should be serene and happy after having lived a fruitful life, she does not feel contented if she cannot personally attend to her trees and plants in the garden of her manorial house in Talisay; or if she cannot inspect a cane plantation or other properties of one of her children.This admirable ancient is called with love and respect, Capitana Dicang.

A Strong Woman

Dona Enrica exclusively administered the hacienda of Matab-ang and those later on acquired as communal property. She lived in Talisay and had to inspect the work being done, give out the wages, etc. carried on an Orimon (chair carried by four men) to the hacienda. She covered the trip in more than half a day and returned about three or four days later.

Aside from attending to her haciendas, Dona Enrica also occupied herself with the manufacture of delicious confectionaries for sale, maintained loans, rolled cigars and engaged in other means of making a living. To this day, and inspite of the burden of her 80 years (she was born 15 July 1855), Dona Enrica attends to all these herself. Asked why, she answers: “I have nothing to do.”

But this is not all. It is also well known that Dona Enrica knows as she does her little fingers all that passes and all that is done or left undone in all and each of the haciendas of her children. She has time to occupy herself with how these haciendas are going along. If one son is absent, she goes to the hacienda without being asked, to personally watch over encargados. She always has counsel or some advice over the works of her sons.

Austere by nature and firm in her judgement, Dona Enrica maintains severe discipline in the family, Her sons already rich in their own right and themselves sporting white hair, respect her and believe in her as if she were a god. She intervenes in the social activities and even politics of her sons, not so much to impose her point of view than to maintain the unity of her family which is one of the most ancient and respected throughout Negros. So old that Dona Enrica herself declares that not only her parents , Bartolome Alunan and Agata Labayen, but also her grandfather, Vicente Alunan, had been born in Negros.

History of Negros

by Francisco Varona

Chapter VI, pages 7-9


The Alunans-Capitana Dicang


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